About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people

The Philippines is a nation in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has 1 of the greatest populations in the globe. The nation is an archipelago of a massive team of islands surrounded by crystal obvious h2o and wonderful and distinctive coral reefs. Of the seven,107 islands in the Philippines the greatest is Luzon, at 105 square kilometres and just more than fifty per cent of the islands in the nation have names, and only 350 islands are larger than 2 and a fifty percent kilometres square. The tallest mountain variety can be discovered on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the leading of the mountain reaches more than 2743 square meters. The tallest mountain peak can be discovered on the next greatest island in the nation Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like quite a few other mountains in the nation Mount Apo is an lively volcano. Luzon is also the website of the cash of Manila the greatest and most essential Philippine metropolis. Manila has a port that stretches about Manila bay for hundreds of yrs Manila bay has been the country’s heart of shipping and trade. The Visayas make up the middle part of the Philippine islands. The greatest islands in the Visayas incorporate Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the nation and the next greatest island in the Philippines the island actions 94,seven-hundred square kilometres.

Sheraton Lapu Lapu
Sheraton Cebu Mactan Residences, Punta Engano, Lapu Lapy City, Mactan, Cebu, Philippines. 6015

The islands

The Philippine islands were being fashioned by volcanoes and are part of a mountain chain that is primarily below h2o. The interior of most of the islands have quite a few rugged mountains with dense rain forest and because of the frequent rain fall there are quite a few rivers streams and waterfalls that constantly surge down the mountain sides. Due to the fact of the dense mountain rainforest and frequent rain fall the Philippines is endowed with impressive sceneries within just the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls spectacular caves and rock formations. Sadly a good deal of the rain forest is disappearing ahead of the Spanish arrived in the 1500 more than ninety per cent of the Philippine islands were being protected in rain forest. To date the nation has misplaced close to 1-third of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been utilized and reduce down for its timber and to obvious land for farms and houses.

The coastline

With more than 7000 islands the nation has a coastline line much more than 36,three hundred kilometres in size. The beaches and coastline may differ throughout the nation are very sandy in locations these kinds of as Boracay which is famed for its wonderful picturesque tropical white sand beaches. With tropical vegetation and palm trees developing on these spectacular beaches. On some island coastline traces are very rocky in position and in some locations you will uncover grey white sand beaches and massive inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos depend on fresh h2o from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and particular day-to-day living demands these kinds of as drinking and washing. Pasig River is 1 of the greatest rivers in the nation and flows as a result of the cash of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows as a result of the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


Due to the fact the nation is sitting down on the pacific ring of fire signifies the Philippines have a good deal of lively Volcanoes. A person of the most famed volcanic eruptions take place in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for quite a few hundreds of yrs Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted much more than a thousand people killed or hurt and left countless numbers of people homeless. The explosion designed a large ash cloud that protected much more than one hundred twenty five thousand square kilometres blanketing the spot in ash rock and darkness. A person of the most lively volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also recognized as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted forty eight occasions in the past four hundred yrs. Mount Mayo positioned on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a countrywide park in the calendar year 2003. The Mayo volcano is a correctly formed cone that towers 2462 meters over the land. Mayon Final main eruption was in February 1814, when it wrecked three cities and protected one more two with volcanic ash and warm larva about 1600 people died owing to this eruption.

The Philippine Individuals

For countless numbers of yrs quite a few distinctive varieties people and nations have been part of the Philippines the final result is a nation and people with a distinctive blend of quite a few cultures. About 30,000 BC Stone Age people settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the nation was later on joined by the Negritos that came throughout land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and generations latter joined by visitors from Malaya India china and the middle east. Magellan was the very first European to set foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his gentlemen were being killed throughout the struggle of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain established a everlasting settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Spouse and children faith and education and learning are very essential in Filipino tradition.

Weather conditions living in the metropolis or the nation or on an isolated island family members, faith and education and learning are very hugely valued by practically each individual 1 Filipinos have quite a few optimistic values these kinds of as respect for authority and a high regard for the dignity of all the people.


Most Filipinos keep strong spiritual beliefs they on a regular basis choose part in spiritual ceremonies celebrate holy days with massive festivals. The Spanish where very thriving in changing the Filipino to Christianity generating the Philippine the only Christian country in Asia Roman Catholic make up 85% of the populace, five % of the populace are Sunni Muslim’s the greatest no Christian team in the nation. Most early Filipinos were being animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits recognized as anitos they believed theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. Numerous Filipinos believe that in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic belief performs an essential part in the everyday lifestyle of most Filipinos.The Philippine people worship Christ mother Mary and other holy people known as saints quite a few Filipinos decorate their houses trics jeepneys boats colleges of illustrations or photos of Christ and mother Mary.

Nearby islands and china released Islam to the Philippines today there are many million Filipinos that comply with the faith of Islam. Some Filipinos apply Taoism which is a spiritual belief that originated in china the largest Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino family members

The Filipino family members the basic models of the Philippine social corporation which includes the father the mother and children the bilateral extended family members which incorporates all kinfolk of the Father and Mother. Of exclusive worth the bond and unity fashioned by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their family members as a source of energy and defense. It is not unusual for unmarried daughters and sons to reside at residence with their dad and mom, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The family members are very close and if somebody needs help others chip in and do what they can to help the family members member in want. The father-partner is the head of the family members and is typically unconditionally obeyed by his spouse and children. The father part and obligation is to meet up with the money needs of the family members. The Filipino father is the main source of self-control in the family members and at times employs corporal punishment on both of those sons and daughters even though corporal punishment utilized on children in the Philippines is now slowly acquiring utilized less and less owing to the Philippine culture training and enforcing new values on elevating children. The children a good deal of Filipino moms pamper their children these has the result of prolonging the childhood of the children they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood tasks and expectations are kept below the kid’s potential this care and passion lavished upon the children results in a experience of belonging and defense. As a final result the children will often contribute to parent’s money assistance and emotional assistance and defense. The regular Filipino spouse and mother choose care of all the specifics to be certain the family members features as a living and loving organised family members unit. The mother is in cost of the residence and all the specifics pertaining to the children these kinds of as cooking the family members food viewing the children are clothed and ready for school the paying of salary to the maids (ya -ya) and all other family charges. Odd as it may well appear to be females share equivalent position with male in Philippine culture girl participation in professional work and politics is thoroughly acknowledged this equality can be traced back to historic Malayan custom.


Instruction Filipino children show up at six yrs of elementary school and four yrs of high school. Classes are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys main formal languages. Additional than ninety% of all elementary show up at government colleges. From June until finally March Filipino children spend their days at school courses get started about eight in the early morning in the metropolitan areas like Manila and at times about seven am in the rural parts ahead of courses get started the children salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a very high literacy fee which most people in the nation can examine and publish unfortunately owing to the high unemployment fee and the nominal salary paid to reduce class staff these kinds of as farmers and labours some children have to fall out of school to work and help to assistance their families and some children show up at colleges that do not have plenty of school materials and equipment these kinds of as textbooks desks and chairs and computers.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 distinctive main dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass education and learning of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino lifestyle. English was released so distinctive people living in distinctive pieces of the Philippines could realize 1 one more. The American declared English the nation formal language throughout the time they ruled the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine government decided to change English with a language known as Filipino also recognized as Tagalog the most widely spoken Philippine language particularly throughout some of the main metropolitan areas. Today Filipino and English are the nation formal languages. In distinctive pieces of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can talk everywhere up to four languages and some occasions much more particularly the people who have traveled and lived in distinctive pieces of the nation. For example theses Filipinos can talk the language from the spot they grew up in and lived in as a child they also can talk English and Tagalog and at times one more language that is indigenous to where they reside as an adult or learnt as a child. For example English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be four languages a one Filipino can talk.

The people regular living

Fifty percent of the Philippine populace reside in the nation in close proximity to mountains forest on compact islands or on the plains there are quite a few varieties of regular houses Bahay kubo is a regular rural residence some time referred to as a nipa hut.The partitions and flooring are produced from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and tired down to timber or bamboo to variety the roof. Other people in the nation side reside in wood residence and other low-cost timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The much more wealthy nation Filipino reside in a larger fancy modern residence and properties are produced from cement bricks and cement.On a good deal of Compact Island and nation parts the residence has 1 main space with a several parts of furnishings and mats on the floor where the family members sleeps.The kitchen is typically in one more space with a wood burning stove and at times a compact fuel stove depending on how isolated the family members is from the closest city. In the larger nation cities quite a few of the indigenous properties have energy and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are rare in compact villages even though now much more and much more Compact Islands and villages are acquiring energy but there is even now a good deal of villages that do not. The Philippine people that reside in an spot that does not have energy or indoor plumbing acquire h2o from a local community perfectly and burn off kerosene lamps for lights in the night

The people’s transportation

The very first people who migrated to the Philippine islands utilized barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the most effective signifies of transportation of superior and goods from island to one more people also depend on these ships as ferries because the cost of a plane ticket are very pricey for the very low income families. Banca a slim wood boat with an out boat motor attached to the back. The boat has wood and bamboo frames extending from both of those sides of the boats that operate like platoons stopping the boat from tipping more than or capsizing. Early Filipinos utilized these compact boats to trade and get materials from neighboring islands.The larger banca boats are predominantly utilized as people ferries and massive commercial fishing boats.The scaled-down banca boats are utilized for scaled-down journeys in calmer h2o. A regular variety of transportation is the pedicabs a tricycle with a side cart this variety of transportation are even now preferred in some nation cities and provinces particularly on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the road proof of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a compact bus produced from jeeps left driving by the US military. The jeeps where reworked in to busses painted in vivid glowing flamboyant colours and patterns and decorated with mirrors multi-colored lights and spiritual icons. The jeepney scaled-down brother the stainless metal jeep was produced and generated for simple motives fisherman complained that seawater and the natural environment was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and generated the very first jeep the jeep requires less upkeep because it is tough and does not rust. The jeep is an perfect Philippine car or truck because they are tailored to the distinctive Philippine local climate particularly from the severe salt air and the unpredictable weather.

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